Depression and Stress: Connection, Causes, and Effects

depression and stress

Stress: A most commonly used word in our daily routines. But not what we frequently experience is a real stress disorder. Very slight or slight experiences of stress are common nowadays. But when this stress rides from slight to severe, it can cause various issues.
When prolonged emotional stress becomes severe, it can cause depression. When a person encounters a stressful event or situation, it could trigger a depression. The feelings of depression make it very difficult to manage and deal with stress.

Acute stress events include situations like ending a long-term relationship, losing a job, death of a loved one, failed in exams, etc might lead to depression. However, it is not necessary that every person who encounters such situations can be depressed. Some might be able to deal with the situation successfully. Biological factors are responsible for triggering depression or not causing any.

Causes of stress

There are some reasons that can cause stress. These might be:

  • Losing a family member
  • Broken relationship
  • Divorce
  • The sudden, big, and unwanted change in life
  • Losing a job
  • The occurrence of natural disaster
  • A car accident that can trigger physical, emotional, and financial stress
  • Robbed or attacked

On the other hand, some of the lifestyle factors can also contribute to aroused stress, such as:

  • Consuming alcohol excessively
  • Avoiding exercise or physical activities
  • Smoking Cigarettes
  • Using illegal drugs
  • Long hours of work
  • Not having a balanced diet for a long time

Stressful events are responsible for emotional stress, thus various factors might be responsible for stress management. Stress releases a hormone called cortisol and the high levels of this hormone in the body lead to depression and other health ailments. A threatened mind is primarily responsible that let our body to produce more stress hormones.
These stress hormones help against real and occasional threats.

In some cases, relentless stresses of everyday life trigger the fight-or-flight response. However, this can even lead to depression-like complications. But there are some cases in which depression is completely irrelative to stress.

Perhaps, depression creates challenges that make it really hard to cope and face the events. Even in this scenario, mild or moderate stress occurs and when this happens during the depression, it becomes hidden enough to deal with. Therefore, depression symptoms become worse.

Types of stress

When a single event or temporary circumstances cause stress, it is called acute stress. Short events like acute injury, can be brought up acute stress. Chronic stress happens when you do not know the reason behind your stress and still last longer.
Common causes of chronic stress might include:

  • having economic strains
  • going at a high-pressure job
  • having personal or relationship matters at home
  • feelings of loneliness
  • Chronic health issues, improper lifestyle, etc

Effects of stress on depression

Ordinarily, stress produces negative effects on a person’s mental and physical health. But the effects can be worsened if it is accompanied by depression. While you are having stress, it will be quite for you to stay positive and strategize for coping. Therefore, depression symptoms go more intense and severe.

Stress, of course, comes with a markable effect on one’s mood. An individual might experience anxiety and irritability that is common. Furthermore, anxiety can lead to more adverse feelings of frustration.

Those who reach this stage of becoming anxious, frustrated, and easily irritable, often feel:

  • Unmotivated
  • Lacking energy
  • Nauseous
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Abnormal eating issues
  • Sense of loneliness
  • No joy or satisfaction
  • Hopelessness

What are the tips to manage stress?

When you can manage stress, eventually it will be helpful in coping with depression. In addition, it can even be effective in inhibiting depressive symptoms from developing.
Below are some of the tips to manage stress:

  • get enough sleep
  • eat a healthy diet
  • follow a regular exercise routine
  • take infrequent breaks from work
  • find a relaxing hobby that soothes your soul
  • consume less caffeine or alcohol
  • deep breaths to lower the heart rate

In cases where lifestyle choices are the primary reason for stress arousal, a fine lifestyle change would be required. Change the ways and habits of personal or professional life.
Some of the ways to decrease the stress would be:

  • Do not expose yourself to a stressful situation
  • Do not take extra pressure on your job
  • Share your tasks with other persons around you
  • Do not take the burden of heavy feelings alone, talk to your loved ones about how you feel
  • Surround yourself to positive and soul-filling people
  • Cut yourself from the toxic people

Discuss your stressful feelings with an expert to receive proper guidance towards a bright world.
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