What you need to know about Fat

Facts & Stats

Fat diseases are health conditions that are caused by obesity or excess deposits of fatty layers and tissues in different parts of the body. All over the globe, fatness or obesity related health conditions are known to cause a large number of deaths every year. It is estimated that one in every ten person all around the globe suffer from obesity. Therefore it is hardly surprising that obesity related conditions are extremely common. It is also important to note that a person suffering from obesity naturally has a weakened body that is more susceptible to serious health conditions. It can also become difficult for the medical team to get improved results from treatments carried out in a person who is already suffering from obesity. The condition of obesity can affect little boys and girls and men and women of all ages, making it a very serious health concern for all.

Symptoms

The symptoms of fat diseases are associated with the conditions that affect an individual person. A wide range of health problems can result from obesity. Some of them are listed below.

  • Stroke
  • Gout 
  • Sleep Apnea
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Type 2 Diabetes
  • Heart Disease
  • Some forms of cancer
  • Fatty Liver Disease
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Kidney Disease
  • Pregnancy Problems

It is to be remembered that everyone is not going to experience the same kind of health problems related to fatness and obesity. The symptoms of fat diseases may not become apparent at the initial stages, taking time to become critical. The symptoms may also vary greatly from one case to another and not something that can easily be determined by the patient. In many cases, a patient may not experience any kind of physical discomfort, which further complicates the detection of the symptoms.

Causes

There can be a number of factors that lead to obesity. The weight of a person depends on the balance between the intake of calories and total energy expenditure. So if someone has been taking in more calories that burning them or metabolizing them, then he or she is going to gain weight. In such cases, the body is going to store the additional calories as fat in the body. Likewise, if the person consumes fewer calories than burning them, then he or she is going to lose weight. Thus, the factors that are most commonly responsible for increased fat and weight gain are regular overeating and a lack of physical activity. There are also some other factors that are at play here. 

Genetics

Certain genetic factors have been noticed to play a role in obesity. Parents who are obese might find their children also suffering from obesity. Genetics may affect the way a person consumes food or processes and metabolizes calories. 

Overeating

Overeating tendencies can lead to weight gain, particularly if the food items are high on fat. 

Medications

There are some medications that can lead to weight gain, such as antidepressants, anticonvulsants, certain diabetic medications, hormones like oral contraceptives as well as most types of corticosteroids like prednisone. There are also some types of antihistamines and medications that are used for treating high blood pressure which can lead to weight gain.  

A high carbohydrate diet 

It has been found that diets that are high on their carbohydrate content may lead to weight gain rather quickly. Carbohydrate affects the way the body responds to insulin.  

Frequency of eating

It has been noted that people who tend to have three large meals in a single day tend to gain more weight than those who tend to space out their meals and eat a number of times in the whole day. Small meals taken frequently tend to produce stable cholesterol levels.    

Psychological factors

Emotional problems can lead to binge eating and other eating problems which can cause weight gain. Negative feelings like stress, boredom, depression, sadness or anger can cause a person to overeat. 

Physical inactivity

People who tend to live sedentary lives burn fat at a slower speed and thus tend to stay fat and overweight.   

Diseases 

Health problems like insulin resistance, hypothyroidism, Cushing's syndrome, polycystic ovary syndrome and Prader-Willi syndrome are major contributors to obesity.

Social issues

People who don’t have sufficient money to buy healthy food or can’t have the opportunity to exercise tend to remain obese. 

Diagnosis

The diagnosis of the fat disease is going to depend on the nature of the condition and the symptoms that they produce. Diagnostic procedures may include a simple examination to blood work done for evaluating glucose levels in the serum. Other imaging tests may also be carried out in some conditions.

Treatment

Treatment depends on the fat disease condition that a person is suffering from. The doctor is going to recommend trying to lose weight by various health means such as controlled diet and exercises. In some rare cases, a bariatric surgery may be recommended.